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Where are the marches to protest today’s threat of nuclear war?

On Aug. 6, 1965, the 20th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, protesters carry posters and attend a ceremony on the steps of the Wisconsin State Capitol to condemn the future use of atomic or nuclear weapons. / Sun-Times file photo

In recent weeks, the people of the world have been treated to yet another display of the kind of nuclear insanity that has broken out periodically ever since 1945 and the dawn of the nuclear era.

On April 11, President Donald Trump, irked by North Korea’s continued tests of nuclear weapons, tweeted that “North Korea is looking for trouble.” And. Trump added, if China does not “help,” then “we will solve the problem without them.”
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un responded by announcing that, in the event of a U.S. military attack, his country would not hesitate to launch a nuclear strike at U.S. forces. In turn, Trump declared: “We are sending an armada, very powerful. We have submarines, very powerful, far more powerful than the aircraft carrier. We have the best military people on earth.”

OPINION

During the following days, the governments of both nuclear-armed nations escalated their threats. Dispatched to South Korea, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence declared that “the era of strategic patience is over,” and warned: “All options are on the table.” Not to be outdone, North Korea’s deputy representative to the United Nations warned that “thermonuclear war may break out at any moment.”

Several days later, the North Korean government warned of a “super-mighty preemptive strike” that would reduce U.S. military forces in South Korea and on the U.S. mainland “to ashes.” The United States and its allies, said the official statement, “should not mess with us.”

And what is the response of the public to these two erratic government leaders behaving in this reckless fashion and threatening war, including nuclear war? It is remarkably subdued. People read or hear about the situation in the news, while comedians joke about the madness of it all. Oh, yes, peace and disarmament organizations condemn the escalating military confrontation and outline diplomatic alternatives. But such groups are unable to mobilize the vast numbers of people around the world necessary to shake some sense into these overwrought government officials.

The situation was very different in the 1980s, when organizations like the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign in the United States, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in Britain, and similar groups around the world were able to engage millions of people in protest against the nuclear recklessness of the U.S. and Soviet governments ― protest that played a key role in curbing the nuclear arms race and preventing nuclear war.

So why is there so little public protest today?

One explanation is the public’s preoccupation with other important issues, such as climate change, immigration, terrorism, criminal justice and economic inequality.

Another explanation appears to be a sense of fatalism. Many people believe that Kim and Trump are too irrational to respond to reason and too autocratic to give way to public pressure.

Yet another factor is the belief of Americans and Europeans that their countries are safe from a North Korean attack. Yes, many people will die in a new Korean War, especially one fought with nuclear weapons, but they will be “only” Koreans.

In addition, many people credit the absence of nuclear war since 1945 to nuclear deterrence. Thus, they assume that nuclear-armed nations will not fight a nuclear war among themselves.

Finally ― and perhaps most significantly ― people are reluctant to think about nuclear war. It means death and destruction at an unbearable level of horror. Therefore, it is easier to simply forget about it.

But even if these factors explain the public’s passivity in the face of a looming nuclear catastrophe, they do not justify it. After all, people can concern themselves with more than one issue at a time, public officials are often more malleable than assumed, accepting the mass slaughter of Koreans is unconscionable, and if nuclear deterrence really worked, the U.S. government would be far less worried about other nations developing nuclear weapons.

And problems―including the threat of nuclear war ―do not simply disappear when people ignore them.

It would be a terrible thing if it takes a disastrous nuclear war between the United States and North Korea to convince people that nuclear war is unacceptable.

The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki should already have convinced us of that.

Lawrence Wittner (http://www.lawrenceswittner.com) is professor of history emeritus at State University of New York/Albany. He is the author of Confronting the Bomb (Stanford University Press).
History News Network
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