Puerto Rico faces austerity measures amid budget wrangling

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Thousands of people across Puerto Rico are still living in damaged homes, protected by blue plastic tarps, nine months since Hurricane Maria devastated the island. | AP Photo

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — New austerity measures are looming for storm-battered Puerto Rico after local legislators refused to alter labor laws as demanded by a federal control board that said changes would stimulate the U.S. territory’s economy amid an 11-year recession.

The board that is overseeing the island’s finances said Friday it will eliminate a $25 million scholarship fund for Puerto Rico’s largest public university, as well as a $50 million annual fund for cities and towns struggling in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria. The board said it also will scrap an annual Christmas bonus for all government employees starting next fiscal year.

The measures were a blow to Gov. Ricardo Rossello, who had originally promised that Puerto Rico legislators would agree to at-will employment, which means private employers would be able to dismiss workers at any time without having to prove just cause. A spokesman for Rossello did not return a message for comment.

Meanwhile, Puerto Rico Senate President Thomas Rivera Schatz, who campaigned against changing labor laws, issued a strongly worded statement on Friday defending his position and criticizing the board.

“They threaten without any justification or economic foundation with eliminating the Christmas bonus, vacations, employment security of the private sector worker, scholarships for students, funds for infrastructure projects and economic development, among other important items,” he said. “They threaten to be worse than Hurricane Maria!”

The board said that changing labor laws would attract sorely needed investors to the U.S. territory.


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Hurricane Maria caused more than an estimated $100 billion in damage when it hit Puerto Rico on Sept. 20, and the island is still struggling to recover. More than 2,300 customers remain without power, and tens of thousands of businesses closed after people fled to the U.S. mainland.

While Puerto Rico is expected to see brief economic growth as a result of federal reconstruction dollars allocated in the aftermath of the Category 4 storm, economist Jose Caraballo told The Associated Press that the island would again have an economic depression if no additional measures aimed at development are implemented.

He warned that Puerto Rico would feel the effects of the board’s cuts immediately, adding that they would further depress the island’s fragile economy as it struggles to restructure a portion of its more than $70 billion public debt load.

“The contraction and social impact will be much greater than before,” he said. “It’s not equitable. It’s basically directed at the middle class and the lower class.”

The disagreement between the board and certain legislators over changing labor laws comes as Puerto Rico’s government is expected to approve an $8.7 billion proposed budget on Friday, which contains $69 million for the Christmas bonus.

The board said it would implement its own budget for Puerto Rico if legislators do not submit a proposal by Saturday that is consistent with a recently approved fiscal plan and the austerity measures.

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