America’s veterans have a long history of feeding the hungry around the world
Where there is war, there is hunger. Military efforts to avert famine began after World War I, which put much of Europe on the brink of starvation.
Our veterans have been among the greatest advocates for feeding the world’s hungry, and we need their spirit more than ever. For as Veterans Day arrives, there are millions of people worldwide on the brink of starvation, including in war zones.
Veterans Day, originally known as Armistice Day, marks the ending of World War I on Nov. 11, 1918. That war put much of Europe on the brink of famine, and this danger continued long during the aftermath. One army officer assigned to feed the hungry war victims was Col. William Haskell of Albany, New York.
Haskell learned quickly that where there is war, there is hunger. After the Armistice, Haskell was given assignments with the American Relief Administration. He was behind relief efforts for Armenia and Romania, two areas devastated by war.
In 1921, when Russia fell victim to one of the worst famines in history, Haskell was again called into action by Herbert Hoover to coordinate relief.
“We can keep from five to 10 million people from dying” Haskell said to reporters when American food arrived in Russia. Haskell and his team would have the difficult task of distributing the food over the massive Volga Valley and other hard to reach areas.
The American Relief Administration came through under the pressure of famine and saved many Russians from certain death.
Haskell became a lieutenant general and would retire from the military in 1942, which included serving 14 years as head of the New York National Guard. He would be called upon to serve a special mission at the end of World War II, when the threat of famine again descended over Europe.
Political opposites teamed up
A new hunger-fighting organization was born, called CARE, and Haskell was appointed the director. The charity started using army surplus rations to send boxes of food to hungry families in Europe. These CARE packages became powerful symbols of hope for Europe’s war weary. Millions of hungry families were given new life from CARE packages, which Americans donated in large numbers after the war.
The scenes of hunger in Europe were so severe they motivated soldiers George McGovern and Bob Dole to dedicate years of service to feeding the hungry. McGovern and Dole, even though on opposite sides of the political aisle, teamed up to feed the hungry in America and overseas during their careers in the Senate.
The McGovern-Dole global school lunch program is in action today, feeding hungry children in impoverished countries. Charities like Catholic Relief Services, the World Food Program, CARE, Save the Children and others provide the school meals using McGovern-Dole funding. The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture runs the initiative.
McGovern-Dole school meals are making a huge difference in feeding hungry children in Burkina Faso and Ethiopia, two countries suffering from severe hunger and conflict. We should expand McGovern-Dole school meals to reach many more children worldwide.
Our veterans know more than anyone the true cost of war, and the scenes of hunger that inevitably follow.
During the Korean War, Major Charles Arnold of Cincinnati headed relief efforts for those displaced by the fighting. Arnold and his UN civil assistance team set up feeding stations serving rice and milk. Extremely thin, starving children were those who depended on this food for survival.
Major Arnold was amazed at how within a few weeks the children were transformed by the food aid, a miracle that saved the kids from deadly malnutrition.
Today, we must get food to those most urgently in need, including war victims in Yemen, Ethiopia and Afghanistan. On this Veterans Day, let’s dedicate ourselves, as our veterans have done before, to feeding the hungry.
William Lambers is an author who partnered with the U.N. World Food Program on the book “Ending World Hunger.” Follow him on Twitter @williamlambers
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