Haitians’ temporary U.S. immigration status is being extended, Biden administration says
The Department of Homeland Security says Haitians in the United States as of Nov. 6 could apply for “temporary protected status” and those granted it last year can stay an additional 18 months, until Aug. 3, 2024.
The Biden administration is extending temporary legal status for Haitians already living in the United States, deciding that conditions in the Caribbean nation are too dangerous for their forced return.
The federal Department of Homeland Security said Haitians who were in the United States as of Nov. 6 could apply for “temporary protected status” and that those who were granted it last year can stay an additional 18 months, until Aug. 3, 2024.
The administration has extended temporary status for several countries and expanded or introduced it for Haiti, Afghanistan, Ukraine, Myanmar, Cameroon and Venezuela, reversing Trump-era moves to cut back on protections for those already in the United States.
TPS, which typically comes with authorization to work, can be extended in increments up to 18 months for countries struck by natural disasters or civil strife.
Haiti has seen increasingly brazen attacks by gangs that have grown more powerful since the July 2021 assassination of President Jovenel Moïse. A cholera outbreak sweeping the country is claiming more children’s lives amid a surge in malnutrition.
“The conditions in Haiti, including socioeconomic challenges, political instability and gang violence and crime — aggravated by environmental disaster — compelled the humanitarian relief we are providing today,” Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas said.
Agency officials didn’t say how many Haitians are expected to benefit from the expansion. An estimated 40,000 were granted TPS in 2011 — extended last month to June 30, 2024 — after a devastating earthquake in Haiti the previous year. Another 3,200 who got TPS last year are covered under the new 18-month extension.
Chaos in Haiti has fueled an exodus to the United States, Mexico and South America. The U.S. government flew many Haitians back home after about 16,000 predominantly Haitian migrants camped in the small Texas border town of Del Rio in September 2021. The administration used a Trump-era rule that suspends rights to seek asylum on grounds of preventing the spread of COVID-19.
Deportations to Haiti appear to have waned as conditions have deteriorated. The advocacy group Witness at the Border, which tracks deportations, said the administration hasn’t had a deportation flight to Haiti since Sept. 6.
Haitians who enter the United States after Monday’s announcement will be ineligible for TPS, authorities said, though that might do little to discourage some. U.S. authorities detained Haitians more than 6,700 times along the Mexican border in October, a number that has grown every month since September 2021 and made Haitians one of the most common nationalities crossing the border without documentation.
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, who has called for an expansion and extension, said more than 100,000 Haitians will be eligible for temporary status under the new policy.
“Providing temporary protection to Haitian nationals in the United States is critically important as Haiti continues to face extreme physical conditions and deteriorating political instability,” Schumer said.
Advocates thanked the Biden administration.
“We rejoice and celebrate with our Haitian siblings and stand undeterred in solidarity as we continue to work with and for the Haitian and Haitian-American communities,” said Guerline Jozef, executive director of the Haitian Bridge Alliance.
The Cato Institute, which advocates for more open immigration laws, said nearly one million people are eligible for TPS under Biden, more than double the figure under Trump.