SPRINGFIELD — Legislative momentum is in place to bring sports betting to Illinois. But it will take weeks for all interested parties to get their opinions to lawmakers.
That process started Thursday, with more than three hours of testimony during a House Revenue and Finance Committee hearing. And no fewer than five different plans to legalize sports gambling are taking shape.
Those plans are outlined in five separate amendments added to a gambling bill, House Bill 3308, sponsored by state Rep. Michael Zalewski, D-Riverside.
They can be separated into two categories. Four plans would have legalized sports gambling overseen by the Illinois Gaming Board. One would put all sports betting oversight in the state under the Illinois Lottery’s authority.
Advocates for the Lottery plan, led by Rep. Lisa Hernandez, D-Cicero, say it could benefit the more than 10,000 small retailers, such as convenience stores and gas stations that already sell Lottery tickets. But the plan does not allow for hugely popular online or mobile betting, and would limit the types of bets that can be made.
For example, the lottery system could not accommodate in-game sports betting like whether a basketball player makes a free throw, or whether a football player gains a certain number of yards.
Such issues leave open the possibility that sports bettors will stay on the black market.
Hernandez says the main benefit of the lottery plan is the high potential revenue for the state. With a tax rate of up to 50 percent, Hernandez claims it could bring in $100 million to $300 million per year.
But some in the state’s casino industry are arguing against that. Tom Swoik of the Illinois Casino Gaming Association testified that, in the two states that use the lottery model, Rhode Island and Delaware, real revenues have been only 8 percent to 9 percent of operators’ gross receipts. Swoik’s organization favors the “New Jersey model” plan, championed by Michael Zalewski. It is one of the four plans that would be overseen by the state Gaming Board.
That plan would allow sports betting at the state’s brick-and-mortar casinos and racetracks, as well as online.
Betting licenses would cost $10 million, while brick-and-mortar facilities could also partner with up to two digital platforms, or “skins,” to provide mobile betting.
Taxes would be 15 percent on the brick-and-mortar facilities, and 20 percent for mobile platforms.
Swoik said the future of sports betting is moving online, and the New Jersey model “is the best starting point.”
Mattias Stetz, chief operating officer of Chicago-based Rush Street Interactive, an affiliate of the gambling company running the Rivers Casino in Des Plaines, agreed.
According to Stetz, more than 80 percent of February’s sports betting in New Jersey took place online.
But, he argued, brick-and-mortar facilities should be allowed only one skin.
As such, Stetz favored a plan similar to Zalewski’s, championed by Rep. Robert Rita (D-Blue Island).
Two other plans were discussed at Thursday’s hearing.
One, called the “Mississippi model,” is favorable to horsemen’s associations and racetracks.
Championed by Rep. Katie Stuart, D-Collinsville, that plan would allow sports betting at the state’s racetracks and casinos, with a $10 million license fee.
But online and mobile betting would be digitally restricted to the physical locations, using a tool known as “geofencing.”
State horsemen’s associations say there is a natural connection between sports betting and racetracks.
“In Vegas, every one of the major hotels has a race-sports book, away from the slot machines and table games,” said David McCaffrey, executive director of the Illinois Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association, which represents the labor side of horse racing.
The last plan, led by Rep. André Thapedi, D-Chicago, is favored by sports leagues, with direct support from Major League Baseball, the National Basketball Association, and the Professional Golfers Association.
It would give a 0.25 percent royalty to the leagues, which would provide official data to sports betting operators.
Sports betting in this plan would be physically limited to casinos, racetracks, and the stadiums or courses at which sporting events take place.
Advocates say leagues must be included in revenues, if they are to be betted on.
“I cannot think of any other industry that builds its product on another business, that imposes risks on that other business, and forces that other business to spend more and do more to protect itself,” said Dan Spillane, senior vice president of the NBA.
Opponents of that plan say the leagues don’t need extra help because they’ll get a boost from allowing sports betting in the first place.
“Leagues will already see increased revenue from legalizing sports betting,” Swoik, of the Casino Gaming Association, said. “We should not be forced into a monopolistic deal with leagues to get data.”
Ivan Fernandez, executive director of the Illinois Gaming Machine Operators Association, also testified at Thursday’s hearing.
He said the gaming machine operators will come up with their own proposal soon. Similar to the lottery plan, it could benefit the bars, restaurants and small shops that house video gambling terminals.
“There are nearly 7,000 licensed video gaming locations in desperate need for a new revenue source,” Fernandez said, adding that his plan could help small businesses comply with the new minimum wage law.
“We heard a lot of testimony,” said Rep. Rita as the hearing ended. “The idea today was to look at all these different amendments and try to craft something together that’s right for Illinois.”
Next week, Zalewski added, will be a “work week,” where lawmakers and their staff can look closer at each of the sports betting options. Hearings on the matter will continue afterward.